• Image
  • Gary A. Rendsburg
  • Blanche and Irving Laurie Chair in Jewish History
  • Schools: Ph.D., M.A. New York University, B.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • CV File: CV File
  • Office Address: 12 College Avenue, Bildner Center
  • Email Address: grends@rutgers.edu
  • Phone Number: 848-932-1628
  • Wikipedia Link
  • Facebook Link



UPCOMING TOUR (August 2022)

England Tour cover pageEngland as the Custodian of the Jewish Past:

Oxford, Cambridge, London

with sidetrips to Bath, Stonehenge, Highclere Castle, Blenheim Palace

(brought to you by Sababa Travel and Insight Vacations)

Details to follow, but for now, please consider joining us on this specially designed tour, August 8-19, 2022.

The highlights include behind-the-scenes tours of the manuscript treasures of the Bodleian Library (Oxford) and the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit (Cambridge).

In the meantime, feel free to email me at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for further details or with any questions.



How the Bible Is Written  (Hendrickson)

HowTheBibleIsWritten Cover thumbnail



  • The literature of the Bible
  • The history of ancient Israel
  • The historical development of the Hebrew language
  • The relationship between ancient Egypt and ancient Israel
  • Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Post-Biblical Judaism
  • Medieval Hebrew manuscripts


All Things Ancient Israel (about four minutes)


  • Introduction to the Bible I
  • Introduction to the Bible II
  • Introduction to Ancient Judaism
  • Jewish History (Ancient and Medieval)
  • Women in the Bible
  • Biblical Hebrew I
  • Biblical Hebrew II
  • Readings in Biblical Hebrew Prose
  • Readings in Biblical Hebrew Poetry
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Scroll Down: Classical Jewish Texts, from Parchment to the Internet
  • How Do We Know This (Honors College Interdisciplinary Seminar)
  • The English Bible
  • Jews in the World of Islam
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Hieroglyphic Egyptian
  • Ugaritic


Books Authored

  1. The Redaction of Genesis (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1986) (reprinted, with a new Foreword, 2014).
  2. Diglossia in Ancient Hebrew (American Oriental Series 72; New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1990).
  3. Linguistic Evidence for the Northern Origin of Selected Psalms (Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series 43; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990).
  4. The Bible and the Ancient Near East, co-authored with Cyrus H. Gordon (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997).
  5. Israelian Hebrew in the Book of Kings (Occasional Publications of the Department of Near Eastern Studies and the Program of Jewish Studies, Cornell University 5; Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2002).
  6. Solomon’s Vineyard: Literary and Linguistic Studies in the Song of Songs, co-authored with Scott B. Noegel (SBL Ancient Israel and Its Literature; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009 / Leiden: Brill, 2009).
    See book description
  7. How the Bible Is Written (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson Publishers, 2019). 

Books Edited

  1. Co-Editor, The Bible World: Essays in Honor of Cyrus H. Gordon (New York: Ktav, 1980).
  2. Co-Editor, Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Vol. 1 (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1987).
  3. Co-Editor, Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Vol. 2 (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1990).
  4. Co-Editor, Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Vol. 3 (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1992).
  5. Co-Editor, Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Vol. 4 (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2002).
  6. Associate Editor, Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, 4 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 2013)
  7. Co-Editor, Did I Not Bring Israel Out of Egypt?”: Biblical, Archaeological, and Egyptological Perspectives on the Exodus Narratives (Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement 13; Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2016).
  8. Co-Editor, Le-maʿan Ziony: Essays in Honor of Ziony Zevit (Eugene, Ore.: Cascade Books, 2017).
  9. Co-Editor:  James S. Diamond, Scribal Secrets: Extraordinary Texts in the Torah and Their Implications (Eugene, Ore.: Pickwick, 2019).


https://www.bensira.org/ – co-developed with Jacob Binstein, launched December 2013, presents the manuscript tradition of the book of Ben Sira, from Qumran, Masada, and the Cairo Geniza.

http://jts-ms-r1622-1.org/ – co-developed with Joshua Blachorsky (with the assistance of Jacob Binstein), launched May 2015, presents the images and transcriptions of JTS MS R1622.1, one of the most important (albeit incomplete) extant Mishna manuscripts.

http://johannes-obadiah.org/ – co-developed with Peter Shamah (with the assistance of Jacob Binstein), launched August 2018, presents the documents (all from the Cairo Geniza) relating to the life of Johannes of Oppido = Obadiah the Proselyte, Catholic monk who converted to Judaism in 1102 C.E.

ONLINE VIDEO LECTURES (April 2020 during the COVID-19 epidemic)

  The Haggadah through the Ages

Ancient Toileting Practices
  Ancient Toileting Practices

Isaac Newton
  Isaac Newton and the Great Plague of 1665-1666


  Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed, Copenhagen Manuscript,

  written in Barcelona during the Great Plague of 1348-1349


  • "Unlikely Heroes: Women as Israel," delivered at Brigham Young University, March 7, 2007.
  • "Light from Egypt on the Exodus Story," delivered at Brigham Young University, March 8, 2007.
  • "Scroll Down: Classical Jewish Texts on the Internet," delivered at the University of Birmingham, October 22, 2012.
  • "Moses the Magician," delivered at the conference "Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus between Text and Memory, History and Imagination," University of California - San Diego, June 3, 2013 - Click on "Myth and Memory" -- see the third lecture there, with links for the video, handout and the images
  • "Septuagint, Synagogue and Symbiosis: The Jews of Hellenistic Egypt," delivered at Lanier Theological Library (Houston), January 16, 2015
    See seminar program for "January 16, 2015 – Historical and Archaeological Evidence for the Jewish Diaspora After 722 B.C." -- my lecture commences at 2:08:50 and continues through 2:39:40.
    See the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation.
    Or one can access my lecture, independently of the others at the seminar, via YouTube.
  • "The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Texts and their Significance for Early Judaism and Early Christianity," delivered at Colgate University, February 18, 2015
    See the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation.
  • "The Psalms as Hymns in the Temple of Jerusalem: At Passover and throughout the Year," delivered on consecutive days at Brigham Young University and Utah State University, March 30-31, 2015, in conjunction with the colloquium on "Passion and Passover: Jesus and the Temple."
  • Sacred Space in Judaism after the Temple,” at the conference entitled “Sacred Space, Sacred Thread,” University of Southern California, November 2016 – my presentation comprises the first 25 minutes of this YouTube video.
  • The Future of American Jewish Bible Translation,” my 30-minute contribution to the panel discussion included in the one-day symposium, sponsored by the Jewish Publication Society of America, and held at the National Museum of American Jewish History, on April 30, 2017.  This is an audio file only, with a few images. The pdf file of the handout, which will help you follow along.
  • "Chiasmus in the Book of Genesis," at the "Chiasmus Jubilee Conference," Brigham Young University, August 16, 2017.  My apologies for the unevenness of the PowerPoint images projected on the screen.  They were all perfect in my version, but somehow did not transfer well on the podium computer.  Among other issues, note that the prime symbol does not appear, but rather displays as an empty little box.  For a pdf version of the PowerPoint, click here.  For the handout, click here.
  • Goodly Treasures New and Old: A Lecture on the Song of Songs,” held at the Library of Congress, October 30, 2017.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation which accompanied my lecture, click here.  For the handout, a translation of the Song of Songs (produced jointly by Scott Noegel and myself, and included in our co-authored book, Solomon’s Vineyard), click here.  For a transcription of the lecture, click here.
  • "Scroll Down: Classical Jewish Texts, from Parchment to Internet," Allen and Joan Bildner Center for the Study of Jewish Life, Rutgers University, December 4, 2017.  This lecture was not recorded, but a number of people asked me to make the PowerPoint available at my website, which I do so here, in pdf format.  Once you have downloaded the pdf file, in theory, you should be able to click on the embedded links, in order to access the various websites which include descriptions and digital images of the manuscripts (Bible, Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, Mishna, Talmudim, Targumim, Maimonides, etc.) presented during the lecture. In practice, however, I note that some links do not work in such fashion, so that you will need to copy-and-paste the link into the browser.
  • From the Depths of Antiquity: An Ancient Torah Scroll Sheet from the Book of Exodus Newly Acquired by the Library of Congress,” lecture at the Library of Congress, May 23, 2018.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation which accompanied my lecture, click here. For a transcription of the lecture, click here.
  • The Book of Genesis as a Product of the United Monarchy,” delivered at Lanier Theological Library (Houston), September 14, 2018.  My lecture was part of a larger seminar, “Recent Evidence for Israel's United Kingdom,” with seven speakers on the panel.  The entire program is available here.
  • Jews in Medieval England,” presented at Congregation Oheb Shalom, South Orange, N.J., February 2018.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation which accompanied my lecture, click here.
  • Jews in Arabia,” presented at Congregation Oheb Shalom, South Orange, N.J., January 2019.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation which accompanied my lecture, click here.
  • " audio How the Bible Is Written " (audio recording), presented at the Pontificio Istituto Biblico (P.I.B.) = Pontifical Biblical Institute (P.B.I.), Rome, February 2019.  For the pdf version of the handout, by which one can follow the lecture, click here.  For the flyer advertising the lecture, with full details (date, time, place, etc.), click here.
  • Mandelbaum House Lectures, University of Sydney, March-April 2019:

    > "The First Diasporas: Egypt and Babylonia," the 12th Annual Alan Crown Memorial Lecture, presented at Mandelbaum House, University of Sydney, 28 March 2019.  Also available at my Facebook page.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation, by which one can more easily follow the lecture, click here.

    > “Septuagint, Synagogue, and Symbiosis:  The Jews of Hellenistic Egypt,” 4 April 2019.  Also available at my Facebook page.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation, by which one can more easily follow the lecture, click here.

    > “The Jews of Arabia,” 7 April 2019.  Unfortunately, this lecture was not recorded.  Nonetheless, for the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation, click here.

    > “England as the Custodian of the Jewish Past,” 14 April 2019.  Also available at my Facebook page.  For the pdf version of the PowerPoint presentation, by which one can more easily follow the lecture, click here.  For the pdf version of the handout, click here.

  • "How the Bible Is Written," Fellowship for Biblical Studies, Sydney, Australia, held at Moore Theological College, 5 April 2019.  The handout is the same one used at my Pontifical Biblical Institute (Rome) talk (see above), though I covered much less material on this occasion, given the shorter time frame.
  • "How the Bible Is Written: Genesis 29," Tyndale House, Cambridge, 12 July 2019.  For the Hebrew text of Genesis 29, click pdf here .  For my English translation used during the lecture, click pdf here .



Many thanks to my colleagues Mark Janzen (Louisiana College) and Chris McKinney (Gesher Media) for this fine 48-minute podcast interview, on the Exodus narrative in the Bible, posted on July 28, 2021.




For a long interview, lasting 1 hour and 40 mins., conducted by Isaiah Gruber of the Israel Bible Center, discussing the full range of my teaching, research, and publications, conducted on November 4, 2018, follow the links below.

A description and preview of the interview may be found here:


For more on the Israel Bible Center, its faculty, its programs, its academic partnerships, and more, go to:  https://israelbiblecenter.com/.

The eight individual links range from 5:35 (the shortest) to 16:53 (the longest):

Many thanks to Isaiah Gruber for his initiative and for conducting the interview, and to the Israel Bible Center for permission to post the interview at my website.



Friends of ASOR Podcast: Gary Rendsburg, “Best of Times, Worst of Times”

posted April 25, 2014

Listen to ASOR’s own Ancient Near East Today editor, Alex Joffe, talk with Prof. Gary Rendsburg (Rutgers University), about the state of biblical archaeology and the study of the humanities.



This is a lengthy podcast interview (I hour 33 mins), conducted by Alex Sorin of https://foreigncy.us/, regarding my work on Biblical Hebrew dialects, including Israelian Hebrew – though many additional topics are discussed as well.




Megiddo Gate
My online non-credit mini-course entitled “The Bible and History” was launched c. 2005, as the first offering from the Jewish Studies Online program, a joint venture of the Allen and Joan Bildner Center for the Study of Jewish Life and the Department of Jewish Studies. The program was made possible by a generous benefaction from Mr. Gene Hoffman of Short Hills, N.J.
But since the mini-courses were created using Adobe Flash, a software program no longer supported by any browser or platform, the material no longer is available, unfortunately.
We are working on creating new mini-courses, using up-to-date technology, and we hope to make them available by Summer 2021.  In the meantime, we apologize for the inconvenience, though I invite you to peruse other online resources listed here at my personal website.




I have had the honor and privilege of producing two courses for The Great Courses program (formerly known as The Teaching Company), located in Chantilly, VA. The first course, "The Book of Genesis," was released in May 2006, while the second course, "The Dead Sea Scrolls," was released in March 2010.

Both courses consist of a series of 24 lectures, and are available in either video (DVD) or audio (CD or download) format.
The Great Courses: Book of Genesis
The Great Courses: Dead Sea Scrolls

For an article on The Great Courses, which appeared in The New York Times in March 2015, click here.

image gordonINTERVIEW WITH CYRUS H. GORDON (1908-2001), conducted in 1998

Interview with Cyrus H. Gordon (1998) at YouTube

During academic year 1997-1998, I had the privilege of serving as Visiting Fellow at the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies (CAJS) at the University of Pennsylvania. The theme for the year was “Text, Artifact, and Image: Revealing Ancient Israelite Religion,” with about twenty scholars in the interrelated fields of biblical studies, ancient Near Eastern studies, and archaeology of the Land of Israel gathered in Philadelphia for fruitful discussion.

See the volume Text, Artifact, and Image: Revealing Ancient Israelite Religion, edited by Gary Beckman and Theodore J. Lewis (Brown Judaic Studies 346; Providence: Brown Judaic Studies, 2006), which emerged from that academic year and from the conference held in April 1998.

In light of Cyrus Gordon’s long and enduring relationship with both Dropsie College (the forerunner of CAJS) and the University of Pennsylvania, I proposed to the Center to invite the grand master to Philadelphia for several days, where he could participate in a seminar, see the new facility, and sit for a two-hour interview. The Center leadership endorsed the proposal, and thus it was that Professor Gordon visited the Center in February 1998.

A little additional background: Cyrus Gordon was born in Philadelphia in 1908, grew up in the city, and received his primary, secondary, and university education there. Gordon earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Pennsylvania (Ph.D., 1930), under the tutelage of Professor James Montgomery. All the while, he took courses at Dropsie College with Professor Max Margolis; and then Gordon returned to Dropsie to serve as Professor of Assyriology and Egyptology during the years 1946-1956. He described all of this in his engaging memoir, A Scholar’s Odyssey (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000), which won the National Jewish Book Award for that year. Also of interest is his book The Pennsylvania Tradition of Semitics (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986).

On February 3, 1998, as Professor Gordon approached his 90th birthday, I conducted the interview with him, with all the CAJS fellows and several invited guests present in the room. It is my honor now to make this interview available to a larger audience via YouTube.

A transcription of the complete two-hour interview, created by Peter Shamah, with light annotations by Peter and myself, is available here. The pdf file includes an Index of Persons Named and an Index of Places Named, and it is fully searchable.